A prime number is a positive whole number greater than 1 which is evenly divisible only by 1 and itself. 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13 are the first few prime numbers.

Some interesting facts about Prime numbers -

- 2 is the only even prime number
- 0 and 1 are not considered as prime numbers
- Numbers that have more than two factors are called composite numbers.
- No prime number greater than 5 ends in a 5. Any number greater than 5 that ends in a 5 can be divided by 5.

In this article, we will create a Python program to check whether the given number is Prime or not.

## Algorithm To Check Whether A Number Is Prime Or Not

**Step 1**: Take the input from User

**Step 2**: Check whether the number is greater than 1, if not than the number is not Prime

**Step 3**: Check if the number gets evenly divided by any number from 2 to half of the number

**Step 4**: Print the result

Here we have optimized the algorithm to search only till half of the given number which drastically improves the performance for a very large number.

## Python Program To Check Whether The Number Is Prime Or Not

```
# Taking the input from User
number = int(input("Enter The Number"))
if number > 1:
for i in range(2,int(number/2)+1):
if (number % i == 0):
print(number, "is not a Prime Number")
break
else:
print(number,"is a Prime number")
# If the number is less than 1 it can't be Prime
else:
print(number,"is not a Prime number")
```

## Explanation

In the given program first, we are taking the input from the user using the `input`

keyword and converting it to integer datatype in case the user inputs a Float number. Next, we are comparing if the number is less than 1 because only a number greater than 1 can be called a Prime number.

Inside the loop, we are diving the number to every number between 2 and the half of the number if no factor is found the number is Prime gets printed out along with the number.

Running the program for the following test cases gave us the expected result.

```
Enter The Number 2
2 is a Prime number
Enter The Number 11
11 is a Prime number
Enter The Number 9729262
9729262 is not a Prime Number
Enter The Number -20
-20 is not a Prime number
Enter The Number 1
1 is not a Prime number
```